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Reviewing the issue of youth unemployment in Greece

2016-10-24  |  Posted by Giorgos Koumanakos

Causes

·         International and domestic financial crisis.

- Financial crisis is constantly present and defines the quality of our lives and the choices – prospects we have. It has effects in our daily living both in interpersonal and individual level.

- The unemployment rate of young people (15-24 years) in Greece in 1983 was about 23%, while in 2012 it jumped to 55.3% and the second quarter 2013 to 59% 4, much higher than the rate of European Union, which was formed in 2012 to 22.8%.

·         Abandonment of rural development and innovation.

- The lack of a basic National planning and policy of passive adaptation to EU funds led to a deep and prolonged crisis in the agricultural sector

- The rapid decline in participation in the GDP of the primary sector. From 17% in 1981 fell to 2.5% in 2011

- The conversion of our country from surplus to deficit in agricultural products and the strengthening of imports particularly from countries of the EU.

- The constant deficit in agricultural trade balance, which amounted to 2 billion in 2011, and cumulatively the decade from 2001 to 2011 amounted to 23 billion

- The decrease in employment rates. During the past 12 years there is a total loss of 130,000 jobs, reducing farmers a percentage of the active population from 17% in 2000 to 13% in 2012.

·         Low female participation in the workforce.

- Our country still has one of the lowest rates of female employment in the European Union, with a deviation of more than 10 percentage points of the EU average (around 44% versus 55% of other Member States).

·         Industrial and technological modernization.

- While technological modernization may result to fewer jobs in the Industrial sector, there is an obvious tendency and competition for new start-ups in technological domain to create and propose new applications.

·         Mismatch of the education system to the needs of the labor market.

- Realization of the youth guarantees strategic framework that scopes - Vocational and employment consultancy services tailored to the needs of the young person

·         Insufficient guidance and employment services and rigidity of the institutional framework of labor relations.

 

Measures

·         Upgrading and modernization of employment guidance.

- Transaction programs from the education to the work environment through apprenticeships

- Employment orientation

- Strengthening school career guidance, guidance for career counseling and entrepreneurship (training liaison offices, actions promoting youth entrepreneurship)

·         Upgrading and modernization of employment services centers.

- Individualization of the intervention policy measures for the young people

- Cooperation between the public employment structures and the labor market

- Incentives for the employability of young people (active employment policies).

·         Flexible institutional framework for labor conditions.

- Introduction of working and expansion of part-time flexible working hours.

 

- Protected legal framework for young people entering the labor market


IO2 - Main results of the Survey -

2016-10-19  |  Posted by Nicola Trinchini

The last IO2 activity was been a WEB Survey, carried out by a semi structured questionnaire to be filled by 15-29 NEETs in each of the 5 ECMYNN Countries.  The questionnaire was charged and administrated throught Google Drive tool. 

The WEB survey on the NEET target aimed to get a structured and meaningful representation of the rationale and the practical difficulties concerning the NEET condition, as well as the critical issues concernig the systems for facilitating access to the labor market and the needs related to the overcoming of such social status.

To facilitate the collection of a representative number of answers, the NEET who filled the questionnaire not necessarily belong to the partner’s geographical area, and so each partner disseminated the web questionnaire until its own national level. 

Overall, nr 1655 youth people were reached. Between them 826 was NEETs, coming from the Partner’s Countries.  

 

 

ITALY

GREECE

POLAND

ROMANIA

SPAIN

TOT

Nr of received answers

232

116

327

901

79

1655

Number of reached NEETs  

108

33

131

519

35

826

% of NEETs on all the respondents   

46,6%

28,4%

40,1%

57.6%

44,3%

49,9%

 Main gathered evidences:    

·      Medium/high level of education

·      Over 1 year unemployment

·      Confidence in school and education

·      A lot of reached NEETs were unactive, at the same time they are looking for a job and immediately available to work. 

·      No economical indipendence; support from parents. 

·      In Italy there is a lack of confidence compared to training courses, the vision is quite positive in the other Countries. 

·      In all the contextes, NEETs could not plan a professional project.   

·      Work is seen as a tool for economical indipendence and self realization

·      PEAs are not so effective and they don’t support well the NEETs in the job search. They would like to get from them effective services such as alert, customized projects, strengthening of training activities. 

·      NEETs are generally reluctant to start up companies, due to high taxes and the lack of capital. They prefer imagine themselves as employees rather than freelance or entrepreneurs. They ask for safety

·      The future is positive, NEETs perceive their condition as just temporary. 

Compared to preliminary interviews carried out to a sample of 10 NEETs before starting the web survey, the following points were confirmed: 

o Generally, NEETs have got a worried and, in some cases, unhappy mood 

o NEETs use the WEB and especially the social networks as favourite places for their interaction and participation in community interests, as well as for the job search.

o The school is not able to give a real support to the job search, and it is not able to transfer knowledge to be simply spent in the labour market.

o Compared to “external world” youth feel like a sense of abandonment  and discouragement.                                                               

Based on the knowledge gained through the survey, the partners got the groundwork for setting up a "right approach" to the planned training activities directed to "operators" target, which concerns the next phase of the project. Especially emergerd as follows: 

Ø  The Neet condition is very emotionally connoted and the operators’approach must follow this direction;

Ø  Training activities should be enhanced, giving more value to skills and soft skills to be concretely spent in the labour market;

Ø  Customized professional projects support must be strenghthen, to mitigate the NEETs’ sense of abandonement;

Ø  NEETs must to learn how to use correctly the WEB for the job search.