Facebook Twitter LinkedIn

IO2 Evidences

2016-10-19  |  Posted by Nicola Trinchini

With more than 89,5 million EU inhabitants aged 15-29 years old without a regular job and over 1,3 million people in NEET condition (Eurostat,2014), ECMYNN project, starting from research activities, is focusing on innovative services to help youngsters to go out from this condition.

Who is a NEET?

 Thanks to Eurostat definition we can say NEETs are all the people beetwen 15 and 29 years old  who are neither in employment nor in education (scholastic , academic ..) and Training .

About training this definition concerns both the formal and the non formal one. 

The five countries involved in ECMYNN project, Italy, Spain, Greece, Romania and Poland, altough the efforts for a large implementation of Youth Guarantee Plan in their local contextes, are widely interested from this phenomenon. Italy and Greece, mostly, registered in 2014 NEET rates over 26% of 15-29 y.o. unemployed population, while the closest Country to EU average (15,3%) is Poland (15,5%).    

Like Eurofund suggests there are significant differences between different tipologies of NEETs in different national Contextes from EU, paying particolur attention to indicators such as: 

·      Educational qualification: In Romania, Italy and especially Spain (+70%) the big part of NEETs aged 15-24 y.o. has got low educational qualification, whereas in Greece more than 10% has got a tertiary education degree. The NEETs incidence rate with tertiary education increases compared to the age class 25-29 y.o.  In Italy the incidence rate of this class is double than EU average. 

·      Unemployment Extension: In Italy, Greece and Romania the long term unemployment involves the big part of NEETs (more than 40% of jobless), opposed to scandinavian countries, where the long term unemployment involves less than 10% of NEETs.  (Eurostat, 2015)

·      Concrete work experiences: In almost half of Member States, the big part of 15-24 y.o NEETs never had work experiences, that’s particularly conspicuous in Greece, Italy and Romania, and involves more than 70% of young NEETs. In Spain, conversely, more than 60% of NEETs had got work experiences in the past. For what concerns 25-29 y.o. group, more than 40% of NEETs never had work experiences in Italy and Greece, while in Romania this incidence rate is over 60%.   (Eurostat,2015)

·      Inactivity: The incidence rate of inactives or “Discouraged workers” involves more than 40% of italian, spanish and romanian NEET aged 15-24 y.o. Inactives proportion is strictly related to NEETs incidence in the European member states and that suggests the need of policy interventions to re-activate the discouraged workers, as an important stimulus to get a decrease of NEETs incidence rates at national level. Between NEETs aged 25-29 y.o. 55% of them are inactives (EU 28 average), with higher rate (more than 65%) in Italy and Romania.  (Eurostat,2015) 

The theme of “discouraged workers” is probably the most hard to be faced, due to its many implications, and the one which may have severe consequences on human capital accumulation during the next years.

Togheter with others, the collected best practices all around European context tried to give an answer to this issue, refering mainly to three dimensions of empowerment.

1.     Empowerment of Public Employment Services: For European Commission PES are very crucial actors for the delivery of the Youth Guarantee reccomends, and they must be seen as catalyst of all social forces involved in fighting against NEET phenomenon.

2.    Involvement of the school system for NEET phenomenon prevention

3.     Involvement of local authorities to tackle social barriers and obstacles that very often characterize the NEET condition. 

Carrying out face to face interviews to a maximum of 10 NEETs in the partner Countries,  ECMYNN project, between other relevant items, tried to deepen the youngsters perception of these three mentioned dimensions as well. 

What emerged? 

A common opinion in all the Countries is that both Insititutions and School are not able to give a real support to the job search. Especially, Schools is not able to transfer knowledge to be simply spent in the labour market.

In addition, the big part of interviewed guys, also between the experienced ones, thinks that training courses, or post scholastic or post degree courses, would be useful for the job search, but not a crucial factor in this sense.

 The interviewed guys are suffering a general “sense of abandonment” from public authorities at all levels that produces a lot of difficulties to design targeted strategies for job search, and so almost all are looking for a job through the unpersonal context of the WEB.  Nothing good from PES or Public Institutions in this emotional profiles, even if the young people are hoping and waiting for the presence of an organization able to drive them individually for finding a job and, maybe mainly, for a stronger policy at national level able to improve their current condition of fragility.

 


Working with NEETS experience What a NEETs counselor should know

2016-10-18  |  Posted by Eleonora Dragomir

  1. NEETS are different one from another, they come with different background dif
     
    ferent cultures and different stories , they have different capacity of development and skills acquirement and different self-confidence.  We have to listen to each of them , to be interested in each story and motivation they describe to us and to increase as much as possible their self-esteem.  
  2. .       We are models to the youngsters, we cannot ask them to do something we cannot do and we do have to demonstrate that what we ask them to do is possible. We have to advise them as much as possible from our self-experience and to offer them an example of success and to show that success come up for us after a long time work for self-development and education. We need to see ourselves in their places, to empathize with them in order to give the right advises.
     
  3. .        We have to be available any time for an advise , discussion and  encouragement . Facebook platform offers a very good space for this kind of counseling. The youngsters should feel that we are opened to them, we have to receive their communication that sometimes lack politeness with patience, kindness and a sense of humor that is always opening hearths. When we want to demonstrate that mistakes are human we can use ourselves as examples , we can use humor and self-irony .
  4. .       Do not give to NEETS hard work to do. They are liable to dropping out any job that looks too much for them. Give them work not so hard to be done that is quickly offering them tangible results. A nice learning platform I recommend for this ishttps://www.duolingo.com/ .Contests and voluntary work where they can get awarding and appreciation of their skills are also good for activating NEETS .
  5. .       Analyze all they can do and find what is most valuable and perfectible in their skills and abilities and encourage them to go in the direction where they may have success
     

  6. .       A career plan is important to be done in any work and academic guidance action but in the case of NEETS we have to see if they did not have already set career plans in the schools they finished and this plans did not failed. In the case of failure we have to approach the problem from a different view then before, to find a different system of development that will not come in conflict with the young person’s failure.
  7. .       We cannot apply long questionnaires to NEETS but we need to diagnose their situation. We have to learn to read their answers as verbal, nonverbal and para-verbal communication , to read between words, if we can connect with them on social networks and study on them without questioning is even better. They like to be advised but they do not like their situation and to talk about it.